CLASSIFICATION AND SELECTION ACCORDING TO SOME PHYSICAL AND FUNCTIONAL ABILITIES OF STUDENTS FOR AGES (12 YEARS) ATHLETICS
The process of preparing athletes without doing the main pillar, which is the initial selection represented by the proper selection to achieve the best current and future sports results, is considered an unsuccessful process because it lacks scientific foundations and scientific selection. The task that must be taken care of is the subject of selection as a result of the low levels and achievements in most sporting events, especially athletics. And that the low level of participation in athletics tournaments for students is due to the lack of a scientific strategy for selecting students (cubs) for athletics, especially in the 12-year-old year, in which there is a growth spurt where the body is in a state of clear construction with individuals of the same age This gives an indication of selection in the good selection of athletics players, so the researcher considered studying this problem because there is still a need to study how to select 12-year-old students and then classify them to practice the appropriate effectiveness and physical, physical and functional determinants in athletics.
Where the researcher determined the research community represented by primary school students (aged 12 years) in all the schools of Samawah (city center), which numbered (45) schools. The process of the initial selection of the research community by conducting achievement tests in the activities of the (100m, 800m, push-ball, long jump). and functional, through the results, followed by the final selection process.
The researcher conducted the initial selection process for the research community during the period from (26/11/2021) to (26/12/2021). Then (500) students were selected, and some physical measurements and physical and functional tests were conducted on them during the period from (4/11/2022) to (25/11/2022), where the researcher divided the schools into groups and according to the timetable (morning, noon). After the classification process, the researcher was able to sort three groups, the first group was classified into throwing activities, numbering (178) students, the second group running activities, numbering (112) students, and the third group jumping or jumping activities, numbering 210 students, and each group is characterized by a set of tests. And the groups share among themselves a set of measurements and tests, and in light of the statistical treatments, several conclusions were reached, including defining a set of measurements and tests to categorize and direct the cubs to the activities of the arena and the field, and some common variables appeared between the groups, the majority of the classification came according to physical measurements as a result of a mutation The growth experienced by the juniors, it is possible for the junior to excel in more than one test that suits all activities, but it is directed to the event in which the junior achieved the most achievement, and the researcher recommends in light of the selection process The first is to take care of them in educational and training institutions, from which they prepare for the second type of selection (specialized selection) and then to higher levels and the necessity for trainers to apply measurements and physical and functional tests periodically to the cubs in the arena and field to identify their capabilities in addition to working on generalizing the results in this study to clubs And the Iraqi centers, for the purpose of benefiting from them when selecting students and the necessity of proper and scientific selection of students in order to be able to put students in the right place and achieve the best results, according to the results of the current study.